=> The link is the text in the main document that refers to another document.
=> The target is the document (or particular location in the document) to which the link leads.
HTML Hyperlinks (Links)
A hyperlink (or link) is a word, group of words, or image that you can click on to jump to a new document or a new section within the current document.
When you move the cursor over a link in a Web page, the arrow will turn into a little hand.
Links are specified in HTML using the <a> tag.
The <a> tag can be used in two ways:
- To create a link to another document, by using the href attribute
- To create a bookmark inside a document, by using the name attribute
HTML Link Syntax
The HTML code for a link is simple. It looks like this:
|<a href=”url“>Link text</a>|
The href attribute specifies the destination of a link.
|<a href=”http://www.paktutorial.com/“>Visit Best Tutorial site</a>|
which will display like this: Visit Best Tutorial Site
Clicking on this hyperlink will send the user to Paktutorial’ homepage.
Tip: The “Link text” doesn’t have to be text. You can link from an image or any other HTML element.
HTML Links – The target Attribute
The target attribute specifies where to open the linked document.
The example below will open the linked document in a new browser window or a new tab:
HTML Links – The name Attribute
The name attribute specifies the name of an anchor.
The name attribute is used to create a bookmark inside an HTML document.
The upcoming HTML5 standard suggest using the id attribute instead of the name attribute for specifying the name of an anchor.
Using the id attribute actually works also for HTML4 in all modern browsers.
Bookmarks are not displayed in any special way. They are invisible to the reader.
Hyperlink Bookmark on the Same Page
This page shows the HTML code for making bookmarks within the same page. This is achieved by using two different hyperlink codes. These hyperlink codes work together in pairs. One is the go-to target hyperlink and the other is the destination bookmark.
Hyperlink Bookmark Code
Insert the following HTML code into the part of the web document you want to bookmark:
Now make a hyperlink that points to the bookmark:
<a href=”#top”>Top of Page</a>
In the above example, top is the name of the variable value. You can rename it according to your choose.