HTML Elements

An HTML element indicates structure in an HTML document and a way of arranging content hierarchically. An HTML element is an SGML element that meets the requirements of one or more of the HTML DTDs (Document Type Definitions ). These elements have properties: both attributes and content, as specified (both allowable and required) according to the appropriate HTML DTD . Elements may represent paragraphs, headings, hypertext links, lists, embedded media, and a variety of other structures.
  • HTML documents are text files made up of HTML elements.
  • HTML elements are defined using HTML tags.
HTML Tags
Informally, HTML elements are sometimes referred to as “tags”, though many prefer the term tag strictly in reference to the semantic structures delimiting the start and end of an element.
  • HTML tags are used to mark-up HTML elements
  • HTML tags are surrounded by the two characters < and >
  • The surrounding characters are called angle brackets
  • HTML tags normally come in pairs like <i> and </i>
  • The first tag in a pair is the start tag(<i>), the second tag is the end tag(</i>)
  • The element content is the text between the start and end tags
  • HTML tags are not case sensitive, <b> means the same as <B>

The Basic Html tags are explained below:

<HTML>
This tag is used to indicate that this is an HTML document. Most HTML documents should start and end with this tag.
<head>
This tag is used to indicate the header section of the HTML document, which typically includes the <title> and <meta> tags, and is not displayed in the main window of the browser.
<title>
This tag indicates the title of this HTML page. The title is what is displayed on the upper left corner of the browser when you view a web page. For example, right now you can see there “Basic Tags: HTML, head, title, meta, body”. That is the title of this page.

The title tag is important when it comes to search engine ranking. Many of the search engines pay special attention to the text in the <title> tag. This is because (logically) those words in the <title> tag indicate what the page content is.

<meta>
The <meta> tag information is not directly displayed when the page is rendered on the browser. Rather, this is used for the author of the HTML page to record information related to this page. Two common attributes are name and content. The <meta> tag used to hold great importance in search engine optimization, with authors carefully drafting what’s inside the tag to gain better search engine ranking, but recently its importance has been decreasing steadily.
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