CSS Text formatting

text formatting

This text is styled with some of the text formatting properties. The heading uses the text-align, text-transform, and color properties.
The paragraph is indented, aligned, and the space between characters is specified. The underline is removed from the link.

Text Color

The color property is used to set the color of the text.

With CSS, a color is most often specified by:

  • a HEX value – like “#ff0000”
  • an RGB value – like “rgb(255,0,0)”
  • a color name – like “red”

Look at CSS Color Values for a complete list of possible color values.
The default color for a page is defined in the body selector.

body {color:blue;}
h1 {color:#00ff00;}
h2 {color:rgb(255,0,0);}

Text Alignment

The text-align property is used to set the horizontal alignment of a text.

Text can be centered, or aligned to the left or right, or justified.

When text-align is set to “justify”, each line is stretched so that every line has equal width, and the left and right margins are straight (like in magazines and newspapers).

h1 {text-align:center;}
p.date {text-align:right;}
p.main {text-align:justify;}

Text Decoration

The text-decoration property is used to set or remove decorations from text.

The text-decoration property is mostly used to remove underlines from links for design purposes:

a {text-decoration:none;}

It can also be used to decorate text:

h1 {text-decoration:overline;}
h2 {text-decoration:line-through;}
h3 {text-decoration:underline;}
h4 {text-decoration:blink;}

Text Transformation

The text-transform property is used to specify uppercase and lowercase letters in a text.

It can be used to turn everything into uppercase or lowercase letters, or capitalize the first letter of each word

p.uppercase {text-transform:uppercase;}
p.lowercase {text-transform:lowercase;}
p.capitalize {text-transform:capitalize;}

Text Indentation

The text-indentation property is used to specify the indentation of the first line of a text.

p {text-indent:50px;}